TUSCALOOSA, Ala. – Does gender matter in commercial real estate transactions? Not in the outcome of the sale, but gender plays a role because of a common affinity bias among property owners, according to a study by researchers at The University of Alabama.
Properties listed by women agents sold at a significant discount compared to those marketed by men, and individual female agents were involved in far fewer property transactions, researchers from the Culverhouse College of Business found. However, when sales were adjusted for property attributes, there was no significant difference between male and female real estate agents in price or a property’s time on the market, according to the study recently published in the Journal of Real Estate Research.
“These results suggest that initial gendered differences in sales price and time on market are due to industry-driven agent selection where women do not fully participate in the largest and best part of the office market,” said Dr. Alan Tidwell, associate professor of finance and the Alabama Association of Realtors Chair of Real Estate.
The study is the first empirical investigation of gender inequities within commercial real estate transactions. The researchers started with a dataset of office building transactions from 2016-2018 in the United States. They used a software application to identify the gender of buying and listing real estate agents, as well as buying and listing clients, based on their names. Then, they studied differences in factors such as property price, time on market and transaction volume between genders.
The findings show a property’s price and time on the market, as well as the number of properties sold, are different between male and female commercial real estate agents.
One possible reason for this is an affinity bias known as homophily, defined as someone who trusts and prefers to work with people like themselves such as in gender, race and ethnicity. In other words, the gender of buyers and sellers often mirrors the gender of their respective agents. Most sellers and buyers of commercial real estate are men, and they also tend to deal in larger higher-end properties then their female peers.
Though these findings establish clear evidence of gender performance neutrality, individual female agents are involved in significantly fewer property transactions than their male peers. Controlling for property and market characteristics does not eliminate this disparity.
“Given the results of this study, we affirm gender parity in (commercial real estate) agent performance and attribute the relatively fewer female-represented properties to an artifact of homophilic behavior rather than an issue of professional achievement,” the researchers write in the paper.
Tidwell conducted the study along with Drs. Sandra Mortal, professor of finance; Vishal K. Gupta, professor of management; and Eren Cifci, who earned his doctorate in finance from UA in 2022 and is now an assistant professor at Austin Peay State University.
A version of this story by David Bedsole was originally published by the Culverhouse College of Business.
The University of Alabama, part of The University of Alabama System, is the state’s flagship university. UA shapes a better world through its teaching, research and service. With a global reputation for excellence, UA provides an inclusive, forward-thinking environment and nearly 200 degree programs on a beautiful, student-centered campus. A leader in cutting-edge research, UA advances discovery, creative inquiry and knowledge through more than 30 research centers. As the state’s largest higher education institution, UA drives economic growth in Alabama and beyond.